DPRK Premier Pak Pong Ju Makes Field Survey of Ryongnam Dockyard

DPRK Premier Pak Pong Ju (a future demoted North Korean elite) made field survey of the Ryongnam Dockyard associated with the leadership feats of the peerlessly great persons of Mt. Paektu (people associated to the Kim family).

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Analyse des personnalités nord-coréennes présentes aux festivités des 70 ans du Parti du Travail Coréen

N’ayant pas fait parti des convives du 70ème  anniversaire de la formation du Parti du Travail Coréen (le Parti Communiste nord-coréen), j’ai du me contenter de regarder les 2 heures 171 minutes des festivités via la télévision russe.

En ce 10 octobre 2015, Le temps était radieux à Pyongyang. De nombreuses délégations étrangères qui ont du financer partiellement leur séjour en Corée du Nord ont du être surprises par l’aspect symbolique des cérémonies. Cependant en observant l’événement, l’observateur avertit a put noter la présence de revenants du Parti du Travail Coréen (le Parti Communiste nord-coréen) et de l’Armée Populaire de Corée.

Par souci de clarté, definissons le concept de revenant. De manière régulière, les médias (y compris moi-même) nous informent de la « disparition » d’élites nord-coréennes. Ces médias commettent une erreur « fatale » qui a pour origine une incompréhension partielle de la nature du régime nord-coréen. Sans en revenir aux détails, il existe en Corée du Nord un système de « rotation d’élites » qui fait que les élites nord-coréennes changent de postes politiques de manière régulière afin que celles-ci ne puissent créer de factions au sein de l’organisation principales à laquelle ceux-ci sont attachés. C’est pourquoi, de manière régulière, les « valets » de Kim Jong-eun disparaissent de la scène politique et réapparraissent quelques mois ou années plus tard. Le dernier disparu réapparu est Ma Won-chun (j’avais prédis dans le passé que celui-ci allait revenir sur les devants de la scène politique nord-coréenne).

Certaines de ces élites qui disparaissent héritent soit de fonctions symboliques (comme Ri Yong-mu, Kim Yong-ju), soit de fonctions importantes mais de second degré (comme Kim Jong-gak, l’ancien directeur du bureau politique de l’armée devenu recteur de l’Académie Militaire Kim Il-sung), soit des fonctions importantes mais cachées (par exemple dans des sociétés de commerce international, dans des départements du PTC). Quelle conclusion peut-on tirer ? Nous pouvons donc en déduire que les cérémonies officielles constituent un moment idéal pour voir si ces élites sont revenus dans le cercle des plus proches de Kim Jong-eun. Ajoutons à cela que l’origine de cette rotation des postes (que j’ai décris de manière plus approfondi dans un texte de ma plume pour le site anglophone sinonk.com) est soviétique et est appliqué depuis la formation du système politique en Union Soviétique.

Les festivités du 70ème anniversaire du PTC ont donc été un moment important pour déterminer les retours éventuels de certaines élites. On a pu y observer des retours surprenants comme le montre l’analyse en image suivante.

Photographies et commentaires

Hwang Pyong-so (1), Kim Jong-eun (2), Liu Yushan (3), Kim Ki-nam (4), Choe Ryong-hae (5), Choe Thae-bok (6), Kim Yang-gon (7), Pak Pong-ju (8), O Su-yong (9), Kim Pyong-phae (10)
Hwang Pyong-so (1), Kim Jong-eun (2), Liu Yushan (3), Kim Ki-nam (4), Choe Ryong-hae (5), Choe Thae-bok (6), Kim Yang-gon (7), Pak Pong-ju (8), O Su-yong (9), Kim Pyong-phae (10)
Kim Jong-gak
Kim Jong-gak (1), Ri Pyong-sam (2), Ri Myong-su (3). Certains croyaient Kim Jong-gak pour mort.
Kim Yo-jong
Kim Yo-jong (en vert). La soeur cadette de Kim Jong-eun
Kim Yong-chol
Kim Yong-chol, responsable du bureau de la reconnaissance de l’APC. Responsable de l’attaque de Cheonan. Un dur de l’APC.

Conclusions choisies

  • A droite de Kim Jong-eun on a pu symboliquement remarquer la présence du Secrétaire du Département de la Propagande du Parti Communiste chinois Liu Yushan. Ceci est purement symbolique. Les relations entre les deux pays sont exécrables et « grosso modo » se limitent aux investissements de sociétés privées chinoises en Coré du Nord.
  • Pas de russes aux côtés de Kim Jong-eun. Pour une raison très simple. Kim Jong-eun (et ses conseillers) voulait recadre les relations entre la Corée du Nord et la Russie et les mettant au second plan.
  • On peut penser qu’un changement de premier ministre en Corée aura lieu, Pak Pong-ju semble être très affaibli. De nombreuses personnalités nord-coréennes souffrent de divers troubles de santé. Par exemple Kang Sok-ju (le vice ministre des affaires étrangères, un des plus proches de Kim Jong-eun) souffre d’un cancer. D’autres anciennes élites nord-coréennes semblent également souffrir (par exemple Kim Ki-nam né en 1929) ou Choe Thae-bok (né en 1930). Le seul qui semble maintenir la route est Kim Yang-gon (responsable des relations avec la Corée du Sud), Hwang Pyong-so (un pantin politique directeur du Bureau Politique de l’APC – à noter celui-ci porte soit des lentilles soit s’est fait opérer des yeux, depuis fort longtemps il ne porte plus de lunettes – « est-ce un signe de modernité » ?) ainsi que Choe Ryong-hae (maréchal de l’APC).
  • Il y’a de nombreux absents invisibles à l’ecran (comme O Il-jong, que j’attendais proche de Kim Jong-eun, comme Ma Won-chun l’architecte de Kim Jong-eun,…).

Pour une analyse approfondie de ces festivités, contacter moi via nicolas_levi@yahoo.fr

L’économie et les élites nord-coréennes

Kim Jong-eun tente de remédier aux problèmes de l’économie nord-coréenne en mettant en place des réformes économiques ayant pour but de stimuler les sociétés nord-coréennes (par exemple les mesures du 28 juin 2012). Ces mesures ainsi que les suivantes ont pour but de décentraliser encore plus les parcelles agricoles, de procéder à un nouveau mode de distribution des richesses produites par les agriculteurs entre l’état et les agriculteurs. Les réformes économiques nord-coréennes essaient également d’être mises en place à moindre couts et à moindres risques afin de ne pas entrainer de changements irrémédiables.

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Le rôle des élites nord-coréennes dans L’économie de la Corée du Nord

De façon générale, la Corée du Nord est entrée dans une phase de libéralisation de l’économie. Depuis l’avènement de Kim Jong-eun, les fonctionnaires d’Etat ont évoqué dans les médias que des changements allaient se produire tout en s’empêchant d’utiliser le mot « réforme » dont l’usage continue d’être interdit dans le pays.

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Kim Jong Un Gives Field Guidance to Construction Site of Sci-Tech Complex

According to the KCNA”Pyongyang, February 27 (KCNA) — Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK), first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army (KPA), gave field guidance to the construction site of the Sci-Tech Complex.

O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA
O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA

He asked commanding officers in detail about the amount of the work done at present, the measure taken for the supply of building materials and knotty problems arising in the project. After being briefed on it before a map showing the bird’s eye view of the complex, he went round the construction site and gave important instructions.

The complex should serve as a seat of learning where not only scientists and technicians but also people from all walks of life can have an ample opportunity of learning and a center for disseminating latest science and technology throughout the country, he said, calling for constructing it to be impeccable in terms of architectural beauty and practical use.

He gave an instruction to build a hotel capable of accommodating 500 people which can match well its surrounding environment so that it may provide best convenience to visitors.

He called for pushing ahead with the construction of the complex and preparations for its operation simultaneously.

He underscored the need to meticulously organize the work for building a strong latest science and technology database, supplying equipment and apparatuses necessary for e-library service at the highest level, establishing a network between the complex and scientific and technological knowledge dissemination rooms across the country and assigning scientists, experts and service workers.

He underlined the need to successfully undertake the embankment project on Ssuk Islet where the complex is located and effectively arrange environment around it including afforestation and greening.

He praised commanding officers and soldiers of KPA Unit 963 for contriving and introducing an innovative construction method and pushing ahead with the project in a bold way.

He said every sector and unit should render sincere material and moral assistance to the construction of the complex so that it may be pushed forward as a project involving the entire Party, the whole country and all the people.

He was so kind as to solve all problems arising in the construction on the spot.

He said that the construction of the complex should be completed by the 70th anniversary of the WPK unconditionally.

Accompanying him were Premier Pak Pong Ju, O Su Yong, secretary of the C.C., the WPK, Han Kwang Bok and Han Kwang Sang, department directors of the C.C., the WPK, Ri Jae Il, its first vice department director, and Jo Yong Won and Jo Thae San, its vice department directors.

O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA
O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA

Commentary: Kim Jong Un was accompanied by O Su-yong (born in 1944), a former DPRK deputy prime minister and a former minister of electronic industry and responsible for technological complex. O Su Yong is rarely seen in public but he’s one of the tenors of the DPRK economy. According to a North Korean defector I interviewd last year, O Su-yong was a former political lecturer of Kim Jong Un. I also personally believe that O Su Yong is a membre of the OGD department. 

The presence of Ri Jae Il is also indicating that the Propaganda and Agitation Department is important as Ri Jae Il is a deputy head of this structure and he’s also often seen in public with Kim Jong Un

Enlarged Meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea

According to the North Korean newspaper Rodong Sinmun, “An enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK) took place in Pyongyang Wednesday under the guidance of Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the WPK, first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army.

Attending the meeting were members and alternate members of the Political Bureau of the WPK Central Committee.

Present there as observers were vice-premiers of the Cabinet, department directors and first vice department directors of the WPK Central Committee, section chiefs of relevant departments, chief secretaries of the provincial committees of the WPK and leading officials of commissions, ministries, national institutions, working people’s organizations and armed forces organs.

The participants observed a moment’s silence in memory of Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the WPK and eternal leader of the party and the people of the DPRK.

Agenda items of the enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the WPK Central Committee were adopted there.

1. On implementing the behests of leader Kim Jong Il to the last, regarding them as eternal guidelines of our party and the revolution.

2. On organizational matter.

The meeting discussed the first agenda item.

Choe Ryong Hae made a report on the first agenda item.

The reporter reviewed the work done for the past three years to implement the behests of Kim Jong Il.

He said the past three years were a period in which the army and people of the DPRK waged a dynamic struggle to thoroughly implement the behests of Kim Jong Il under the leadership of Kim Jong Un and years of victories and changes that demonstrated the great attraction and vitality of Kim Jong Il’s idea and cause all over the world.

He went on:

The eternity and invincibility of Kim Il Sung’s nation and Kim Jong Il’s Korea were demonstrated to the whole world and signal achievements assuring the bright future of the great Paektusan nation were achieved. These are entirely ascribable to the wise guidance provided by

Kim Jong Un who is unconditionally implementing to the letter without an inch of deflection or a step of concession the behests of Kim Jong Il, regarding them as important guidelines.

The reporter said that shortcomings were manifested in the work for implementing the behests of Kim Jong Il over the past three years, calling for bringing about a radical turn in implementing the behests of Kim Jong Il by improving their ideological viewpoint and work style and manner.

Speeches were made by Pak Pong Ju, Ri Jae Il, Hyon Yong Chol, Kim Chun Sop, Ri Man Gon and Jon Yong Nam on the first agenda item.

The speakers made analysis of the achievements and shortcomings made in their own sectors and units and lessons drawn from them in the work to implement the behests of Kim Jong Il over the last three years.

The meeting adopted a resolution on the first agenda item “On Holding Fast to Behests of the Great Comrade Kim Jong Il as Eternal Guidelines for Our Party and Revolution and Carrying Them out to the Last”.

The behests of Kim Jong Il, great image of the powerful Paektusan nation and eternal leader of the WPK and the Korean people, serve as a textbook of the Korean revolution and scientific and encyclopedic important guidelines that indicate the way of building a thriving socialist nation and winning the final victory of the Juche revolution, the resolution said, and went on:

Kim Jong Un is showing in practice how the behests of Kim Jong Il should be upheld and translated into reality.

Reflecting the revolutionary faith and will and ardent desire of the army and people of the DPRK, Kim Jong Un made sure that Kim Jong Il was held forever in high esteem at the top post of the WPK and the state and the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun was remodeled on the noblest level as the sacred temple of Juche and that statues of President Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il were erected on Mansu Hill and in provincial seats and major units, thus making their beaming images shine all over the country.

Kim Jong Un resolutely laid bare and foiled the moves of the modern-day factional elements who challenged the monolithic leadership of the party, thus putting the ideological oneness of the entire party and the whole society on the highest level and bringing the flower garden of the single-minded unity into full bloom by carrying forward Kim Il Sung’s and Kim Jong Il’s noble outlook on the people and the rising generation.

While putting forward the KPA as the reliable pioneers party and strong buttress upholding the Songun revolutionary cause of the party in the van, Kim Jong Un developed it into the powerful Paektusan revolutionary army capable of defeating enemy’s provocation at a single stroke, built world-class edifices through army-people coordinated operations and brought about a shining victory in the struggle for building an economic power and improving the standard of people’s living.

The resolution called for conducting the work for implementing the behests of Kim Jong Il as the primary tasks and unconditionally carrying out them to the last without an inch of deflection and a single step of concession.

It underscored the need for the party organizations to conduct an intensive political and ideological offensive for giving full play to the mental power of the masses in implementing the behests of Kim Jong Il.

The resolution called for making sure that all efforts are channeled into the implementation of his behests to thoroughly establish the monolithic leadership system of Kim Jong Un and uphold and preserve the leadership exploits of the party and add brilliance to them.

It underlined the need to unconditionally carry out the behests of Kim Jong Il to the letter by tenaciously pushing forward the work till their vitality is displayed in practice.

It called on the officials, commanding cadres of the revolution, to be standard bearers and vanguard fighters in the all-out charge for devotedly implementing the behests of Kim Jong Il.

The resolution stressed the need to wage an intensive campaign against abuse of power, bureaucratism, irregularities and corruption.

It underscored the need for the officials to dedicate themselves to the party and revolution, society and the collective and take it as due revolutionary ethics and revolutionary party discipline to work and live simple-mindedly, uprightly and honestly as intended by Kim Jong Il.

It underlined the need for the officials to devote their blood and sweat to solving knotty problems in the people’s living and difficult problems of people, deeply aware of the noble intention of Kim Jong Un who is dedicating himself to the people.

The resolution called on the party organizations and political bodies at all levels, the Cabinet and the relevant organs to conduct organizational and political work and take administrative and working measures to implement the above-said resolution.

The meeting discussed the organizational issue, the second agenda item.

Kim Jong Un made a historic conclusion at the meeting.

He said that the meeting which was held at the important historic period of the Korean revolution reviewed the achievements, experience and shortcomings made in the struggle to carry out the behests of Kim Jong Il and lessons drawn from them and discussed and decided on important issues arising in successfully carrying out his behests.

Through the past three-year-long struggle to carry out the behests of Kim Jong Il we deeply cherished the unshakable faith that the lines and policies set forth by him and his teachings are textbooks of revolution and if we work as taught by him, there is nothing impossible and the final victory belongs to us, Kim Jong Un said.

He noted that it is the fixed will of the WPK and the army and people of the DPRK to implement to the letter Kim Jong Il’s behests without an inch of deflection and without a step of concession and translate his plan and desire into a reality on this land.

He called for waging a dynamic struggle to build a thriving socialist nation and accomplish the historic cause of national reunification under the unfurled banner of great Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism.

He said we should do all work as intended by Kim Jong Il and as he did, regarding his behests as the important guidelines as befitting his faithful soldiers and disciples.

Party organizations should conduct the organizational and political work in a fresh and viable manner so that the officials, party members and working people may turn out as one with the revolutionary faith, fighting spirit and revolutionary pluck to devotedly carry out the teachings of Kim Jong Il and the party’s policies under any condition, Kim Jong Un noted.

All party organizations should put on record without omission all the teachings and instructions Kim Jong Il gave to their domains and units, bring them home to officials and other working people and thus help them deeply grasp his behests, he said.

The party organizations should wage unique and dynamic political work pulsating with the breath of the times and motivate the people so that the revolutionary spirit of Mt. Paektu, the spirit of blizzards of Paektu prevail throughout the country and a high-pitched drive for creation and innovation is waged in all worksites, he said, and went on:

Units associated with the leadership of Kim Jong Il should take the lead in implementing his behests to the letter.

Noting that it was the most important behests and lifetime desire of Kim Jong Il to provide the people with an affluent and happy life,

Kim Jong Un said:

President Kim Il Sung’s and Kim Jong Il’s behests concerning the people’s food and clothing problems should be carried out before any other behests.

The leading officials of the party and the state and all other officials should look back with conscience whether they have worked as required by the revolution and in its interests true to the intention of Kim Jong Il at the important posts entrusted to them by the party, and work with their sleeves rolled up to thoroughly carry out his behests and party policies with extraordinary resolution and enthusiasm.

Not a few officials including those of economic guidance organs lack responsibilities in their work and fail to fulfill their role as masters.

He urged the officials to conceive from a fresh angle and wage in an innovative way all work with their feet planted in reality and looking at the world.

He called upon the officials to work and live simple-mindedly, uprightly and honestly with conscience.

All domains and units should judge well whether any work is contrary to the people’s demand and interests and do the work without their burden and inconvenience, he said.

He noted that there is nothing impossible and there is no insurmountable fortress as long as there is the bright blueprint for building a rich and powerful country indicated by Kim Jong Il and the revolutionary enthusiasm and great strength of all service personnel and people who are turning out as one in the revolutionary spirit of Paektu true to the call of the party.

The U.S. imperialists and their followers are making desperate efforts to block our advance but the Korean revolution is dynamically advancing along the landmark of victory set by the party, he said.

He called on all the people to uphold the spirit of the enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the WPK Central Committee and bring about a revolutionary turn in the struggle to implement the behests of Kim Jong Il, confident of victory.”

Le gouvernement nord-coréen: une institution montante en force ?

Très souvent lorsqu’on évoque les institutions nord-coréennes, les analystes privilégient le parti communiste nord-coréen (le Parti du Travail coréen, le PTC), l’armée nord-coréenne (l’Armée Populaire de Corée, l’APC) au détriment d’autres structures politiques. En termes de pouvoir, je cherche à répeter souvent que celui-ci est dans les mains de ceux qui dirigent les structures politiques suivantes : le département de l’Organisation et de la Direction du Comité Central du PTC (le DOD) et dans une moindre mesure le département de la Propagande et de l’Agitation du Comité Central du PTC (le DPA), le bureau politique de l’APC (le BP de l’APC) et enfin le Secrétariat Personnel de Kim Jong Eun (le SP).

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