Kim Jong Un, senior Party and government officials Takes Part in Election of Deputies to SPA

Senior  Party and government officials went to sub-constituencies across the  country on Sunday to take part in the election of deputies to the 14th  Supreme People’s Assembly together with voters.

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New book devoted to the North Korean leadership

I’m pleased to announce the publication of my 5th book entitled “Korea Północna: zarys ewolucji systemu politycznego” (North Korea: an analysis of the evolution of the political system) devoted to the North Korean leadership. This monograph is also analyzing last changes which took place within North Korean political institutions.

Analyse des personnalités nord-coréennes présentes aux festivités des 70 ans du Parti du Travail Coréen

N’ayant pas fait parti des convives du 70ème  anniversaire de la formation du Parti du Travail Coréen (le Parti Communiste nord-coréen), j’ai du me contenter de regarder les 2 heures 171 minutes des festivités via la télévision russe.

En ce 10 octobre 2015, Le temps était radieux à Pyongyang. De nombreuses délégations étrangères qui ont du financer partiellement leur séjour en Corée du Nord ont du être surprises par l’aspect symbolique des cérémonies. Cependant en observant l’événement, l’observateur avertit a put noter la présence de revenants du Parti du Travail Coréen (le Parti Communiste nord-coréen) et de l’Armée Populaire de Corée.

Par souci de clarté, definissons le concept de revenant. De manière régulière, les médias (y compris moi-même) nous informent de la « disparition » d’élites nord-coréennes. Ces médias commettent une erreur « fatale » qui a pour origine une incompréhension partielle de la nature du régime nord-coréen. Sans en revenir aux détails, il existe en Corée du Nord un système de « rotation d’élites » qui fait que les élites nord-coréennes changent de postes politiques de manière régulière afin que celles-ci ne puissent créer de factions au sein de l’organisation principales à laquelle ceux-ci sont attachés. C’est pourquoi, de manière régulière, les « valets » de Kim Jong-eun disparaissent de la scène politique et réapparraissent quelques mois ou années plus tard. Le dernier disparu réapparu est Ma Won-chun (j’avais prédis dans le passé que celui-ci allait revenir sur les devants de la scène politique nord-coréenne).

Certaines de ces élites qui disparaissent héritent soit de fonctions symboliques (comme Ri Yong-mu, Kim Yong-ju), soit de fonctions importantes mais de second degré (comme Kim Jong-gak, l’ancien directeur du bureau politique de l’armée devenu recteur de l’Académie Militaire Kim Il-sung), soit des fonctions importantes mais cachées (par exemple dans des sociétés de commerce international, dans des départements du PTC). Quelle conclusion peut-on tirer ? Nous pouvons donc en déduire que les cérémonies officielles constituent un moment idéal pour voir si ces élites sont revenus dans le cercle des plus proches de Kim Jong-eun. Ajoutons à cela que l’origine de cette rotation des postes (que j’ai décris de manière plus approfondi dans un texte de ma plume pour le site anglophone sinonk.com) est soviétique et est appliqué depuis la formation du système politique en Union Soviétique.

Les festivités du 70ème anniversaire du PTC ont donc été un moment important pour déterminer les retours éventuels de certaines élites. On a pu y observer des retours surprenants comme le montre l’analyse en image suivante.

Photographies et commentaires

Hwang Pyong-so (1), Kim Jong-eun (2), Liu Yushan (3), Kim Ki-nam (4), Choe Ryong-hae (5), Choe Thae-bok (6), Kim Yang-gon (7), Pak Pong-ju (8), O Su-yong (9), Kim Pyong-phae (10)
Hwang Pyong-so (1), Kim Jong-eun (2), Liu Yushan (3), Kim Ki-nam (4), Choe Ryong-hae (5), Choe Thae-bok (6), Kim Yang-gon (7), Pak Pong-ju (8), O Su-yong (9), Kim Pyong-phae (10)

Kim Jong-gak
Kim Jong-gak (1), Ri Pyong-sam (2), Ri Myong-su (3). Certains croyaient Kim Jong-gak pour mort.

Kim Yo-jong
Kim Yo-jong (en vert). La soeur cadette de Kim Jong-eun

Kim Yong-chol
Kim Yong-chol, responsable du bureau de la reconnaissance de l’APC. Responsable de l’attaque de Cheonan. Un dur de l’APC.

Conclusions choisies

  • A droite de Kim Jong-eun on a pu symboliquement remarquer la présence du Secrétaire du Département de la Propagande du Parti Communiste chinois Liu Yushan. Ceci est purement symbolique. Les relations entre les deux pays sont exécrables et « grosso modo » se limitent aux investissements de sociétés privées chinoises en Coré du Nord.
  • Pas de russes aux côtés de Kim Jong-eun. Pour une raison très simple. Kim Jong-eun (et ses conseillers) voulait recadre les relations entre la Corée du Nord et la Russie et les mettant au second plan.
  • On peut penser qu’un changement de premier ministre en Corée aura lieu, Pak Pong-ju semble être très affaibli. De nombreuses personnalités nord-coréennes souffrent de divers troubles de santé. Par exemple Kang Sok-ju (le vice ministre des affaires étrangères, un des plus proches de Kim Jong-eun) souffre d’un cancer. D’autres anciennes élites nord-coréennes semblent également souffrir (par exemple Kim Ki-nam né en 1929) ou Choe Thae-bok (né en 1930). Le seul qui semble maintenir la route est Kim Yang-gon (responsable des relations avec la Corée du Sud), Hwang Pyong-so (un pantin politique directeur du Bureau Politique de l’APC – à noter celui-ci porte soit des lentilles soit s’est fait opérer des yeux, depuis fort longtemps il ne porte plus de lunettes – « est-ce un signe de modernité » ?) ainsi que Choe Ryong-hae (maréchal de l’APC).
  • Il y’a de nombreux absents invisibles à l’ecran (comme O Il-jong, que j’attendais proche de Kim Jong-eun, comme Ma Won-chun l’architecte de Kim Jong-eun,…).

Pour une analyse approfondie de ces festivités, contacter moi via nicolas_levi@yahoo.fr

Kim Jong Un Gives Field Guidance to Construction Site of Sci-Tech Complex

According to the KCNA”Pyongyang, February 27 (KCNA) — Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK), first chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army (KPA), gave field guidance to the construction site of the Sci-Tech Complex.

O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA
O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA

He asked commanding officers in detail about the amount of the work done at present, the measure taken for the supply of building materials and knotty problems arising in the project. After being briefed on it before a map showing the bird’s eye view of the complex, he went round the construction site and gave important instructions.

The complex should serve as a seat of learning where not only scientists and technicians but also people from all walks of life can have an ample opportunity of learning and a center for disseminating latest science and technology throughout the country, he said, calling for constructing it to be impeccable in terms of architectural beauty and practical use.

He gave an instruction to build a hotel capable of accommodating 500 people which can match well its surrounding environment so that it may provide best convenience to visitors.

He called for pushing ahead with the construction of the complex and preparations for its operation simultaneously.

He underscored the need to meticulously organize the work for building a strong latest science and technology database, supplying equipment and apparatuses necessary for e-library service at the highest level, establishing a network between the complex and scientific and technological knowledge dissemination rooms across the country and assigning scientists, experts and service workers.

He underlined the need to successfully undertake the embankment project on Ssuk Islet where the complex is located and effectively arrange environment around it including afforestation and greening.

He praised commanding officers and soldiers of KPA Unit 963 for contriving and introducing an innovative construction method and pushing ahead with the project in a bold way.

He said every sector and unit should render sincere material and moral assistance to the construction of the complex so that it may be pushed forward as a project involving the entire Party, the whole country and all the people.

He was so kind as to solve all problems arising in the construction on the spot.

He said that the construction of the complex should be completed by the 70th anniversary of the WPK unconditionally.

Accompanying him were Premier Pak Pong Ju, O Su Yong, secretary of the C.C., the WPK, Han Kwang Bok and Han Kwang Sang, department directors of the C.C., the WPK, Ri Jae Il, its first vice department director, and Jo Yong Won and Jo Thae San, its vice department directors.

O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA
O Su Yong (circled in orange). Source: KCNA

Commentary: Kim Jong Un was accompanied by O Su-yong (born in 1944), a former DPRK deputy prime minister and a former minister of electronic industry and responsible for technological complex. O Su Yong is rarely seen in public but he’s one of the tenors of the DPRK economy. According to a North Korean defector I interviewd last year, O Su-yong was a former political lecturer of Kim Jong Un. I also personally believe that O Su Yong is a membre of the OGD department. 

The presence of Ri Jae Il is also indicating that the Propaganda and Agitation Department is important as Ri Jae Il is a deputy head of this structure and he’s also often seen in public with Kim Jong Un

Why (in theory) the power must belong to the Kim family?

For a long time, I assumed that the power in the DPRK was only in the hands of Kim Jong-il and his family. That was true as long Kim Jong-il was at the head of the powerful department of the Organization and the Propaganda of the Central Committee (CC) of the Korea Workers’ Party (KWP – Choson Rodongdang) –  the OGD of the CC KWP.

Continue reading “Why (in theory) the power must belong to the Kim family?”

Jon Pyong Ho (1928-2014) passed away

Jon Pyong Ho, a former director in the Second Economic Committee passed away on the 7th July 2014. He left his wife and 2 daughters. Jon Pyong Ho was responsible for the initialization of the DPRK nuclear program in the 60’s.

According to the KCNA (the North Korean press agency), Jon Pyong Ho was a “general of the Korean People’s Army, honorary curator of the KPA Museum of Weapons and Equipment, died of acute myocardial infarction at 19:00 on July 7, Juche 103 (2014) at the age of 88.

Jon was a veteran revolutionary who devoted his all to the victory of the revolutionary cause of Juche true to the Songun leadership of the party and the leader.

Born into a poor peasant’s family in Jonchon County of Jagang Province on March 20, 1926, he grew up to be an able official under the loving care of the party and the leader after the liberation of the country and devoted all his life to the defence industry.

From October 1945 he served in the guards under the loving care of President Kim Il Sung and anti-Japanese war hero Kim Jong Suk. He bravely fought to protect the headquarters of the revolution at the cost of his life from the desperate moves of the enemies inside and outside the country.

Working as a process engineer, department chief and chief engineer of a munitions factory from September 1952 to July 1970, he made a positive contribution to ensuring the munitions production in the wartime and hastening the victory in the Fatherland Liberation War.

He devotedly worked to defend the sovereignty of the country and the gains of the revolution by thoroughly implementing the line of simultaneously developing the economic construction and defence capabilities laid down by the President.

Holding the posts of vice department director, department director and secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea from August 1970 and director of the Political Bureau of the Cabinet and chief secretary of its Party Committee from June 2010 to March 2012, he made a special contribution to turning the KPA into the powerful elite revolutionary army equipped with modern offensive and defensive means and converting the DPRK into a satellite producer and launcher and a nuclear weapons state and devoted himself to carrying out the WPK’s line and policies of economic construction.

Working as honorary curator of the KPA Museum of Weapons and Equipment from May 2012, he devoted all his wisdom and enthusiasm to the work for conveying the undying revolutionary exploits the peerless great persons of Mt. Paektu performed in the field of defence industry to the posterity.

He worked as alternate member, member of the C.C., the WPK and as alternate member and member of the Political Bureau of the C.C., the WPK from November 1970 to April 2012.

He was elected a deputy to the 7th Supreme People’s Assembly and worked as a deputy until the 12th SPA. He worked as a member of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK for a long period.

He was awarded high state orders and citations including two Orders of Kim Il Sung and Order of Kim Jong Il, the highest orders of the DPRK, the title of Twice DPRK Hero and the title of Labor Hero for the distinguished feats he performed for the party and revolution, the country and its people.

An obituary of Jon Pyong Ho was released in the joint name of the Central Committee of the WPK and the National Defence Commission of the DPRK on July 7.

It said that though Jon passed away, the exploits he performed on behalf of the party and revolution and the country and its people will shine long.

The Central Committee of the WPK and the NDC of the DPRK announced that the late Jon would be accorded a state funeral, and formed a state funeral committee with supreme leader Kim Jong Un as its chairman and 88 officials including Kim Yong Nam, Pak Pong Ju and Hwang Pyong So as its members.”

The funeral committee

Interestingly on the 8th position, Choe Ryong Hae was nominated. Included are also O Su Yong, a new member of the Political Bureau of the Korean Workers’ Party and O Il Jong (the son of O Jin U, a former marshal of the DPRK army) who is responsible for some economical structures in the army (the Workers Red Peasant Guard). Ri Jae Il (a propaganda officer is nominated on the 32th position). There are also some militaries such as general Ryom Chol Song, Ri Pyong Chol and O Kum Chol. Kim Kyung Hee (the aunt of Kim Jong Eun) is not included in this funeral committee.