The ongoing 70-day campaign of loyalty towards the Seventh Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK) demands party organizations and officials intensify political and ideological work in an offensive way so as to create the new spirit representing the Mallima era on all fronts and in sectors.
To conduct the political and ideological work in an offensive way means to correctly set the key part in implementing the immediate tasks put forward by the party and conduct political and ideological work in purposeful and intentional way.
According to the KCNA, The WPK’s calling for conducting the political and ideological work in purposeful and intentional way is the manifestation of the steadfast will to hasten the final victory of the revolution, upholding the banner of the Juche-based theory of giving importance to ideology.
Very great are the victorious successes achieved during the 70-day campaign so far.
The remaining days of the campaign are the vital period for all the service personnel and people to dash forward for the bigger victory and the greater surge with redoubled efforts.
The main way of implementing the WPK’s plan and determination to glorify its Seventh Congress as the greatest heyday of the revolution is to conduct ideological and political work with all efforts.
The great victory of the 70-day campaign precisely means the might of the intensive political and ideological work.
All the party organizations and officials should bear in mind the essence and importance of the intensive political and ideological work and vigorously wage the ideological work in the day-and-night advance of the 70-day campaign.
North Koreans, ever since the inauguration of their government in 1948, have been spurred on to work as hard as the « Chollima, » a legendary horse said to be able to gallop a thousand-ri (400km) a day. Thus, the movement called, « Chollima Movement, » was launched in 1956. North Korea intensified the work-harder campaign by launching the « three-revolution movement » in 1973.
In 1982, Kim Jong-il came out with another catch phrase, the « speed of the 80s, » spurring the workers to make record-breaking achievements in carrying out their assignments. Later he presented another work-harder catch phrase, the « speed battle. » Under these catch phrases, North Korean workers have been ordered to complete their assignment quota by day, by month and by quarter.
Some typical forms of these movements are as follows
Work Squads on Farms
The work squad management system for farms originates in an instruction given by Kim Il-sung when he visited Pochon Cooperative Farm in 1965. Under the system established the next year, the 150-man work team was broken down to squads with 25 members each to enhance farmers’ collective responsibility and increase their productivity. But the system has not paid off because of excessive output assignments and little incentives given to the squads.
In an effort to make the work squad system more effective, North Korea in 1996 began to allow the squads to keep or dispose of the portion of their products produced in excess of assignments to them, according to an article carried in Choson Shinbo, organ of the pro-Pyongyang General Association of Korean Residents in Japan, on Oct. 24 that year. In the past, the comparable rights were given to the larger work teams. The number of members of a squad was reduced to seven or eight and their output assignments were realigned.
In North Korea today, cooperative farms are under the control of the farm management committees in their counties, which are supervised by the rural economic management committee in their province under the umbrella of the Agricultural Commission.
Year-end Output Assessment at Farms
North Korean farmers working on cooperative farms are given year-end dividends according to the amount of crops they harvest, while those at state-run farms are paid salaries like laborers and office workers. This pay system on cooperative farms is a factor responsible for the wide gap between rural and urban areas and between workers and farmers, according to Pyongyang’s account.
Year-end dividends are given to farmers after an evaluation of their harvest. A North Korean dictionary, published by the Academy of Social Science in 1992, says: « The year-end assessment is to evaluate production and financial records, determine farmers’ crop ratings, and distribute some portion of the crops to the farmers. »
For crop assessment and distribution, every cooperative farm holds an annual meeting in November. Crop ratings are determined according to their harvests as compared with grain production assignments to work teams, each consisting usually of 150 farmers. If a work team consisting of several squads produces grain in excess of the assigned goal, its members are given a bonus.
If it fails to meet the target, it is required to make up for the loss with basic payments in grain to its members.
In the assessments, the surplus equals the total grain output calculated in North Korean currency deducted by production costs and various funds, including reserves for farming equipment and the socio-cultural funds. The deduction is said to run as high as more than 50 percent of the output.